本表為常用2000字詞,其中畫底線者為國民中小學最基本之1000字詞。

 

依主題、詞性分類

1.

People

adult, baby, boy,child, couple, customer, fool, genius, gentleman, giant, girl, guest, guy, hero, host, kid, king,lady, male,man, master, neighbor, partner, people, person, prince, princess, queen, stranger, teenager, visitor, woman, youth

2.

Personal characteristics

beautiful, blind, chubby, cute, deaf, dumb, fat, handsome, heavy, nice-looking, old, over-weight, pretty, short, skinny, slender, slim, tall, thin, under-weight, ugly, young
active, angry, bad, bored, boring, brave, busy, careful, careless, childish, childlike, clever, confident, considerate, cool, crazy, cruel, curious, diligent, dishonest, evil, energetic, excited, exciting, famous, foolish, frank, friendly, funny, gentle, generous, good, greedy, happy, hard-working,honest, humble, humorous, impolite, intelligent, interested, jealous, kind, lazy, lonely, lovely, mad, naughty, nervous, nice, patient, polite, poor, proud, rich, rude, sad, selfish, shy, silly, sincere, smart, sneaky, stingy, stupid, successful, talkative, unhappy, wise

3.

Parts of body

bread,chin, ear, eye, face, hair, lip, mouth, nose, tongue, tooth
ankle, arm, back, body, bone, finger, foot, hand, head, hip, knee, leg, nail, neck, shoulder, skin, throat, thumb, toe, waist, wrist.
heart, stomach

4.

Health

comfortable, dizzy, healthy, ill, painful, pale, sick, strong, tired, weak, well, wound
cancer, cold, flu, headache, stomachache, toothache
cough, fever, pain, sore throat
cure, recover
death, health, life, medicine

5.

Forms of address

Dr., Mr., Mrs., Miss, Ms., sir, ma'am, name

6.

Family

aunt,brother, cousin, daughter, elder, family, father (dad, daddy), granddaughter, grandfather (grandpa), grandmother (grandma), grandson, husband, mother (mom, mommy), nephew, niece, parent, relative, sister, son, uncle, wife
born, grow, live, marry,married

7.

Numbers

zero, one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten, eleven, twelve, thirteen, fourteen, fifteen, sixteen, seventeen, eighteen, nineteen, twenty, thirty, forty, fifty, sixty, seventy, eighty, ninety, hundred, thousand, million first, second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth , ninth, tenth, eleventh, twelfth, thirteenth, fourteenth, fifteenth, sixteenth, seventeenth, eighteenth, nineteenth, twentieth, thirtieth, last all, a few, a little, a lot, any, both, few, less, little, many, more, much, number, several, some, total

8.

Time

dawn, morning, noon, afternoon, evening, night, midnight Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday, week, weekday, weekend month, January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December season, spring, summer, autumn (fall), winter alarm clock, calendar, clock, watch, stop watch a.m., p.m., half, hour, minute, moment, o’clock, past,quarter, second, time ago, already, current, early, last, late, later, next, now, once, future, soon, today, tonight, tomorrow, week, weekend, year, yesterday, day

9.

Money

bill, cash, cent, change, coin, credit card, dollar, money, price borrow, buy, charge, cost, earn, lend, pay, spend cheap, expensive

10.

Food & drink

fruit, apple, banana, grape, guava, lemon, mango, orange, papaya, peach, pear, pineapple, strawberry , tangerine, tomato, watermelon. vegetable,bean, cabbage, carrot, corn, lettuce, nut, onion, potato, pumpkin,meat beef, bread, bun, burger, cereal, chicken, dumpling, egg, fast food, fish, flour, food, French fries, ham, hamburger, hot dog, instant noodle, noodle, pizza, pork, rice, salad, sandwich, seafood, shrimp, soup, spaghetti, steak, tofu breakfast, brunch, dinner, lunch, meal, snack, supper beer, coffee, Coke, drink, ice, juice, liquid, milk, milk shake, soda, soft drink, tea, water cake, candy, cheese, chocolate, cookie, dessert, doughnut, ice cream, moon cake, pie, popcorn, toast butter, ketchup, cream, jam, oil, pepper, soy-sauce, salt, sugar, vinegar hungry, full, thirsty bitter, delicious, hot, sour, sweet, yummy bake, boil, burn, cook, eat, order menu,diet

11.

Tableware

bowl, chopsticks, cup, dish, fork, glass, knife, napkin, plate, saucer, spoon, straw

12.

Clothing & accessories

blouse, coat, dress, jacket, jeans, pajamas, pants, raincoat, shirt, shorts, skirt, suit, sweater, swimsuit, trousers, uniform, underwear, vest bagbelt, button, cap, comb, contact lens, earrings, glove, handkerchief, hat, mask, necklace, pocket, purse, ring, scarf, shoe(s), slippers, sneakers,socks , tie, umbrella, wallet clothes, cotton, diamond, gold, silver iron, wear

13.

Colors

black, blue, brown, color, golden, gray, green, orange, pink, purple, red, white, yellow

14.

Sports, interests & hobbies

sports, badminton, baseball, basketball, dodge ball, football, frisbee, golf, race, soccer, softball, table tennis, tennis, volleyball barbecue, bowling, camp (camping), climb (mountain climbing), cook (cooking), dance (dancing), draw (drawing), exercise, fish (fishing), hike (hiking), jog (jogging), picnic, roller skate (roller-skating), run (running), sail (sailing), sing (singing), skate, ski (skiing), stamp, surf, swim (swimming) , travel, trip
hobby, band, card, cartoon, chess, comic, computer game, doll, drama, drum, film, flute, game, guitar, instrument, jazz, kite, movie, music, novel, paint, piano, pop music, puzzle, song, team, tent, toy, trumpet, violin
others: lose, play, loser, win, winner, fan

15.

Houses & apartments

--- apartment, building, house, home
--- basement, bathroom, bedroom, dining room, fence, garage, garden, hall, kitchen, living room, room, study, yard
--- balcony, ceiling, door, downstairs, floor, gate, roof, stairs, upstairs, wall, window
--- furniture, armchair, bath, bed, bench, bookcase, chair, closet, couch, curtain, desk, drawer, faucet, lamp, light, mirror, shelf, sink, sofa, table, tub
--- blanket, carpet, hanger, pillow, sheet, toothbrush, soap, towel
--- air conditioner, camera, cassette, computer, dresser, dryer, fan, flashlight, freezer, heater, machine, microwave, oven, radio, refrigerator, speaker, stove, tape, tape recorder, telephone (phone), television (TV), video, walkman, washing machine
--- basket, brick, bucket, candle, hammer, housework, key, mat, needle, pan, pot, teapot, umbrella, toilet, wok
--- build, clean, decorate, design, fix, repair, sweep, wash
--- address, road, street

16.

School

--- college, elementary school, junior high school, kindergarten, senior high school, university
--- campus, classroom, guard, gym, playground, library, class
--- seesaw, slide
--- blackboard, book, chalk, crayon, diary, dictionary, envelope, eraser, glasses, glue, ink, letter, magazine, map, marker, notebook, page, paper, pen, pencil, pencil box (pencil case), picture, postcard, present, ruler, sheet, textbook, workbook
--- course, art, Chinese, English, geography, history, biology, chemistry, physics, language, law, math (mathematics), music, PE (physical education), science, social science
--- cheer leader, class leader, classmate, friend, principal, student, teacher
--- answer, ask, behave, explain, fail, learn, listen, mark, pass, point to, practice, prepare, pronounce, punish, read, repeat, review, say, speak, spell, study, talk, teach, underline, understand, write
--- alphabet, conversation, draw, exam, example, exercise, final, grade, homework, knowledge, lesson, poem, problem, question, quiz, record, score, story, test, vocabulary, semester

17.

Places & locations

--- here, there, position
--- back, backward, central, forward, front, left, middle, right, east, west, south, north, top
--- bakery, bank, beach, bookstore, buffet, cafeteria, church, convenience store, culture center, department store, drugstore, factory, fast food restaurant, fire station, flower shop, hospital, hotel, mall, market, men's room, women's room, movie theater, museum, office, park, pool, post office, police station, restroom, restaurant, shop, stationery store, store, supermarket, temple, theater, waterfalls, zoo
--- city, country, downtown, farm, place, town, village
--- local, international

18.

Transportation

--- airplane (plane), ambulance, bicycle (bike), boat, bus, car, helicopter, jeep, motorcycle, scooter, ship, tank, taxi, train, truck
--- airlines, airport, bus stop, parking lot, station, train station
--- block, bridge, flat tire, highway, MRT, overpass, passenger, path, platform, railroad, railway, sidewalk, subway, traffic, underpass, wheel
--- arrive, cross, drive, fly, land, ride, sail, turn
--- fast, quick, slow

19.

Sizes & measurements

--- centimeter, foot, gram, inch, kilogram, kilometer, liter, meter, mile, pound, yard
--- circle, dot, line, point, rectangle, row, shape, square, triangle
--- big, deep, distant, extra, far, high, large, little, long, low, maximum, medium, minus, narrow, plus, short, small, straight, tiny, wide, round, short, light
--- bottle, cup, dozen, glass, loaf, pack, package, pair, piece
--- size, height, distance, weight

20.

Countries and areas

--- country, nation, world.
--- America, China, Taiwan, ROC, USA

21.

Languages

--- Chinese, English,

22.

Holidays & festivals

--- Chinese New Year, New Year's Eve, Double Tenth Day, Dragon-boat Festival, Lantern Festival, Moon Festival, Teacher's Day
--- Christmas, Easter, Halloween, New Year's Day, Mother's Day, Father's Day, Thanksgiving, Valentine's Day
--- culture, custom, festival, holiday, vacation
--- celebrate

23.

Occupations

--- actor, actress, artist, assistant, baby sitter, barber, boss, businessman, clerk, cook, cowboy, dentist, diplomat, doctor, driver, engineer, farmer, fisherman, guide, hair dresser, housewife, hunter, journalist, judge, lawyer, magician, mailman (mail carrier), manager, mechanic, model, musician, nurse, owner, painter, police officer, president, priest, reporter, sailor, salesman, scientist, secretary, servant, shopkeeper, singer, soldier, waiter, waitress, worker, writer, vendor.
--- business, company, employ, hire, job, work

24.

Weather & nature

--- weather, clear, cloudy, cold, cool, dry, foggy, freezing, hot, humid, natural, rainy, snowy, stormy, sunny, warm, wet, windy
--- fog, lightning, rainbow, shower, snow, snowman, storm, thunder, typhoon, wind
--- blow, rain, shine
--- nature, air, climate, cloud, degree, earth, moon, sky, sun, star, temperature

25.

Geographical terms

--- area, bank, beach, coast, desert, environment, forest, hill, island, lake, mountain, ocean, plain, pond, pool, river, sea, spring, stream, valley, woods

26.

Animals & insects

--- animal, bear, cat, chicken, cow, deer, dinosaur, dog, donkey, duck, eagle, elephant, fox, frog, goat, goose, hen, hippo, horse, kangaroo, kitten, koala, lamb, lion, monkey, monster, mouse, ox, panda, parrot, pet, pig, pigeon, puppy, rabbit, rat, sheep, swan, tiger, turkey, wolf, zebra
--- insect, ant, bat, bee, bird, bug, butterfly, cockroach, dragon, mosquito, snail, snake, spider
--- crab, dolphin, fish, shark, shrimp, turtle, whale
--- bark, bite, swallow
--- tail, wing

27.

Articles & determiners

--- a, every, the, this, that, these, those, my, our, your, his, her, its, their

28.

Pronouns & reflexives

--- I (me, my, mine, myself), you (you, your, yours, yourself, yourselves), he (him, his, himself), she (her, hers, herself), it (it, its, itself), we (us, our, ours, ourselves), they (them, their, theirs, themselves)
--- all, another, any, anyone (anybody), anything, both, each, everyone (everybody), everything, many, most, nobody, none, nothing, other, part, some, someone (somebody), something

29.

Wh-words

--- how, what, which, who, whose, when, where, whether, while, why

30.

Be & auxiliaries

--- be (am, are, is, was, were, been),
--- do (does, did, done), have (has, had), can (could), will (would), may (might)
--- must, shall, should

31.

Prepositions

--- about, above, across, after, against, along, among, around, at, before, behind, below, beside, between, beyond, by, down, during, except, for, from, in, in back of, in front of, inside, into, like, near, of, off, on, out, out of, outside, over, next to, since, than, through, till, to, toward, under, until, up, upon, upper, with, without

32.

Conjunctions

--- and, as, because, besides, but, however, if, or, since, that, therefore, though (although)

33.

Interjections

--- hello, hey, hi, good-bye (goodbye, bye)

34.

Other nouns

--- accident, action, activity, advertisement, advice, age, aim, alarm, album, American, angel, anger, army, attention, balloon, band, base, beauty, beginner, beginning, bell, birthday, blank, blood, bomb, bottom, branch, bundle, cable, cage, can (could), captain, case, castle, cause, cell phone, center, century, chance, channel, character, chart, childhood, choice, club, coach, command, congratulation, contract, corner, courage, court, crime, crowd, curve, damage, danger, debate, decision, department, desire, difference, difficulty, direction, discussion, dream, duty, edge, education, effort, e-mail, emotion, enemy, energy, engine, entrance, error, event, excuse, exit, experience, fact, fault, fear, fee, feeling, fire, flag, flight, foreigner, flower, freedom, friendship, fun, garbage, gas, gesture, ghost, gift, goal, God, goodness, government, grass, ground, group, gun, habit, haircut, heat, honesty, honey, human, humor, hunger, idea, importance, income, influence, information, Internet, interview, invitation, joke, joy, kind, kingdom, lack, leader, leaf, level, lid, link, locker, mail, manner, mass, matter, meaning, meeting, member, message, metal, method, mind, mistake, motion, movement, mud, nest, news, newspaper, noise, note, object, operation, opinion, order, party, pattern, peace, period, photo, pile, pin, pipe, planet, player, pleasure, poison, pollution, population, powder, power, pressure, prize, production, program, progress, project, purpose, reason, report, result, robot, rock, role, root, rope, rose, rule, safety, sale, sample, sand, scene, scenery, screen, secret, seat, section, seed, sense, sentence, service, set, shore, side, sight, silence, skill, smile, society, soul, space, speech, speed, spirit, state, steam, step, stone, story, style, subject, success, swing, symbol, system, talent, tear, term, thief, thing, thought, ticket, title, tool, topic, tower, trade, tradition, trash, treasure, treat, tree, trick, trouble, truth, tunnel, universe, value, victory, voice, war, way, wedding , wood, word.

35.

Other verbs

--- feel, hear, listen, look, see, smell, sound, taste, watch
--- check, complete, end, finish, succeed, survive
--- affect, believe, blame, bother, confuse, consider, develop, divide, doubt, ease, embarrass, forgive, forget, frighten, gather, guess, hate, hope, imagine, inspire, know, like, love, mind, need, notice, realize, regret, remember, remind, surprise, think, want, wish, worry.
--- act, bathe, beat, blow, bow, break, bring, brush, carry, catch, chase, cheat, choose, clap, close, come, control, collect, comment, correct, copy, count, cover, cry, cut, dial, dig, deliver, drop, elect, enter, exist, feed, fight, follow, fry, go, greet, grow, guide, hand, hang, help, hit, hold, hop, hunt, hurry, jump, kick, knock, kill, kiss, laugh, lay, leave, lick, lift, list, lock, make, meet, miss, mix, move, nod, offer, open, pack, park, paste, pause, pick, plant, print, pull, pump, produce, protect, push, put, recycle, revise, rise, roll, rub, run, rush, rob, rest, shake, shoot, shout, shut, smoke, sign, stand, steal, strike, take, tell, throw, touch, trace, trap, type, use, vote, walk, wave
--- accept, add, admire, advise, agree, allow, apologize, appear, appreciate, argue, arrange, assume, attack, avoid, become, begin, belong, broadcast, burst, call, calm, cancel, care, certain, check, compare, complain, concern, continue, create, date, deal, decide, decrease, depend, describe, detect, die, direct, disappear, discover, discuss, emphasize, enjoy, envy, excite, expect, express, fall, fill, find, fit, focus, form, gain, get, give, handle, happen, hide, hurt, improve, include, ignore, increase, indicate, insist, interrupt, introduce, invent, invite, join, judge, keep, lead, let, lie, limit, list, match, mean, notice, obey, omit, own, pardon, plan, please, pollute, praise, pray, prepare, promise, provide, quit, raise, reach, receive, refuse, reject, rent, respect, return, ruin, solve, satisfy, save, search, seem, select, sell, send, serve, share, show, sit, sleep, start, stay, stop, suggest, support, thank, treat, trust, try, visit, wait, wake, waste, welcome.

36.

Other adjectives

--- able, absent, afraid, alike, alive, alone, American, ancient, asleep, available, basic, bright, broad, classical, colorful, common, complete, convenient, correct, crowded, dangerous, dark, dead, dear, different, difficult, dirty, double, easy, electric, else, enough, equal, excellent, false, fancy, fantastic, fair, fashionable, favorite, fine, foreign, formal, former, free, fresh, general, glad, great, hard, helpful, homesick, horrible, important, impossible, independent, instant, interesting, latest, latter, likely, loud, lucky, magic, main, major, marvelous, minor, modern, national, necessary, new, negative, noisy, only, ordinary, other, overseas, own, peaceful, perfect, personal, pleasant, popular, positive, possible, precious, present, primary, private, public, quiet, rare, ready, real, regular, responsible, right, safe, same, scared, secondary, serious, sharp, silent, similar, simple, single, skillful, sleepy, sorry, special, strange, such, sudden, super, sure, surprised, terrible, terrific, thick, tidy, traditional, true, unique, useful, usual, valuable, social, whole, wild, wonderful, wrong.

37.

Other adverbs

--- always, ever, never, often, seldom, sometimes, usually
--- actually, again, also, away, too, almost, altogether, especially, even, finally, hardly, least, maybe, nearly, perhaps, probably, rather, really, so, still, then, together, very, quite, yet
--- aloud
--- abroad, ahead, everywhere, anywhere, somewhere
--- either, neither, no, nor, not, yes (yeah)

字彙編列原則

 

  1. 字彙表字數之計算不包含括弧內之字詞。

  2. Be動詞和助動詞do, have, can, will, may只列原型,其相關衍生詞均列在其後括弧內,如be (am, are, is, was, were, been)。

  3. 代名詞:I, you, he, she, it, we, they只列主格,其受格、所有格、所有格代名詞和反身代名詞均列在其後括弧內,如I (me, my, mine, myself)。

  4. 括弧之使用,除以上(2)、(3)項之情形外,其餘括弧內之字詞為其前字詞之同義字,如yes (yeah), anyone (anybody).

  5. 一般動詞均以原形出現,動詞變化不個別列出。

  6. 形容詞均以原形出現,比較級及最高級不個別列出。

  7. 名詞除了少數常以複數形式出現者(如pants)之外,均以單數形式出現。

  8. 本字彙表以主題及詞性分類表列出時,有些跨類的字彙會同時出現於不同類組(如chicken分別列於動物及食物類)。

  9. 片語(phrase),如get up,as soon as等不在此字彙表列出。

  10. 國名、地名、及語文名稱等專有名詞為數眾多,除了America, China, ROC, Taiwan, USA, Chinese, American, English外,其餘不個別列出。

  11. 以複合名詞出現的節慶名稱(如Chinese New Year),只在主題及詞性分類表列出。字母排序字彙表中則僅列複合名詞之個別單字。